St. Margaret of Scotland
St. Margaret was an Anglo-Saxon princess who was raised in the court of St. Edward the Confessor in
Although the king could be rough and violent, Margaret's pious and refined nature softened his attitude towards life. She had a positive effect on the Scottish court, cultivating holiness and gentility among the courtiers. She also inspired her husband to show clemency to captured Englishmen who became prisoners during various Anglo-Scottish conflicts. Her private life was replete with acts of charity and constant prayer.
Margaret founded several churches, including the Abbey of Dunfermline which was built to enshrine her greatest treasure, a relic of the true cross. She also was known to sew beautiful priest's vestments with her own hands. A synod was held with her support, and various matters were settled including a regulation of Lenten fasting and reception of Easter Communion.
She and her husband had six sons and two daughters. Her youngest son became King David I of
As Margaret lay on her death-bed, she learned that her husband and son, Edward, had been killed in yet another war with
St. Andrew the Apostle
According to the New Testament, St. Andrew was the brother of St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles. Both were fishermen in the region of Galilee in
Tradition states that after the death and resurrection of Christ, Andrew traveled to Asia Minor and
Some time in the 4th century, St. Rule is said to have taken some bodily relics of St. Andrew from Constantinople to a Pictish settlement on the east coast of Scotland ("the ends of the earth", as far as Rule was concerned!) Like the relics of Margaret of Scotland, Andrew's remains in
The origin of the St. Andrew's Cross design, which graces both the Scottish Saltire flag and the Union Jack, dates back to a legend told about the Battle of Athelstanford between the Picts/Scots and the Northumbrians in 832, A.D. The Pictish leader, Angus McFergus, had a dream of the saint before the encounter, and during the battle, an X-shaped cross appeared in the sky, encouraging the Picts/Scots to drive the Northumbrians from the field. From that time on, the image of a white X on a blue background became the banner of the Scottish nation. The feast of St. Andrew is celebrated on November 30th. He is patron saint of
St. Margaret of Scotland and St. Andrew the Apostle, Ora Pro Nobis!!!
|St. Margaret of Scotland|
|St. Andrew the Apostle|